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APOCYNACEAE

Absolmsia, Adenium, Apteranthes, Asclepias, Aspidoglossum, Aspidonepsis, Baynesia, Brachystelma, Caralluma, Ceropegia, Cibirhiza, Cynanchum, Dischidia, Dischidiopsis, Duvalia, Duvaliandra, Echidnopsis, Edithcolea, Fanninia, Fockea, Glossostelma, Hoodia, Hoya, Huernia, Huerniopsis, Ischnolepis, Larryleachia, Lavrania, Madangia, Mandevilla, Marsdenia, Matelea, Micholitzia, Miraglossum, Notechidnopsis, Odontostelma, Ophionella, Orbea, Orbeanthus, Pachycarpus, Pachypodium, Pectinaria, Petopentia, Piaranthus, Plumeria, Pseudolithos, Quaqua, Raphionacme, Rhytidocaulon, Riocreuxia, Sarcorrhiza, Sarcostemma, Schizoglossum, Schlechterella, Stapelia, Stapelianthus, Stapeliopsis, Stathmostelma, Stenostelma, Stomatostemma, Tavaresia, Trachycalymma, Tridentea, Tromotriche, White-Sloanea, Xysmalobium

ALLAMANDA HENDERSONII



CEROPEGIA WOODII

Ceropegia woodii is a flowering plant in the genus Ceropegia (Apocynaceae), native to South Africa, Swaziland, and Zimbabwe. It is an evergreen succulent trailing vine that grows to 2-5 cm in height and spreads to reach up to 2-4 m in length. Its leaves are shaped like hearts, about 1-2 cm wide and long. When exposed to sufficient light they have a deep green colour; under insufficient lighting the leaves are pale green. With age it develops a woody caudex at its base. The roots, and occasionally the stems, will often develop tubers. On the stems these form at nodes and are likely the reason for the common name of rosary vine.
The flower is in general form similar to those of other Ceropegia species. The corolla grows to 3 cm in length and is a mixed colouring of off-white and pale magenta. The five petals are a deeper purple.
Ceropegia woodii is a very popular houseplant, often grown in hanging baskets so the long trailing branches can hang down with their leaves spaced out like a row of large beads. Several cultivars have been selected, some with variegated leaves.
It requires excellent drainage, should be watered only when dry, and should never stand in water. Excess water should be removed from plant saucer after watering. It can be grown outdoors only in subtropical and tropical areas, with a minimum temperature of 15 °C. Partial shading is useful when the plant is grown outdoors.


MANDEVILLA

Mandevilla, sometimes also wrongly called Dipladenia, is a genus of about 100 species, mostly tropical and subtropical flowering vines belonging to the Apocynaceae family.
Mandevilla is native to Central and South America and many Mandevillas come originally from the Organ Mountains forests near Rio de Janeiro in Brazil. The genus was named after Henry Mandeville (1773-1861), a British diplomat and gardener.
Mandevillas develop spectacular flowers in warm climates. The flowers come in a variety of colours, including white, pink, yellow, and red. As climbers, Mandevillas can be trained against a wall or trellis to provide a leafy green and often flowering picture of beauty. They have a tendency to attract insects like mealybugs and scales.
Mandevilla is also considered to be toxic.



STEPHANOTIS FLORIBUNDA

Stephanotis floribunda (Madagascar Jasmine) is a flowering climbing plant. Its trumpet shaped blooms are in season year-round and are a popular component of bridal bouquets. It is a vigorous climber, tough stemmed, bearing dark green leathery leaves, which grow in pairs at regular intervals along the vine. Stephanotis floribunda grows best in sunny, tropical conditions or indoors on a sunny windowsill. They can be moved outside or into a greenhouse during the summer.They can grow from 2-6 meters, and are widely cultivated as garden plants.
The flowers are waxy, star-shaped and highly scented, about 3cm long, in clusters and are produced in summer. Flowers fade to yellow after several days. They are a favourite in weddings, used in bridal bouquets, corsages and decorations. Normally the plant has to be a little old and root bound to start flowering. Once it does, the result is very rewarding. The flowers are long-lasting and sweetly scented.
Propagation is by cuttings or by the seeds, which are produced irregularly.



References : Wikipedia

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BIGNONIACEAE

PANDOREA

Pandorea jasminoides is a species of woody climbing vine in the family Bignoniaceae. It is native to Queensland, Australia. It forms large pointed pods filled with papery seeds. It is easy to germinate, having two-lobed dicotyledons. It grows quite well in Greece. Flowers range from magenta to white, often with a darker trumpet, and produce a fragrant, jasmine-like scent.


TECOMA STANS

This perennial shrub is known by the common english name Yellow Trumpetbush. It is native to South and Central America, Mexico and the southwestern United States. It has been introduced to several other regions, including north and south Africa, the Philippines and Hawaii. It has become a nuisance weed on several Pacific islands, especially in French Polynesia where it is called piti.
It is an attractive plant which is cultivated as an ornamental. It has sharply-toothed, lance-shaped green leaves and bears large, showy, bright golden yellow trumpet-shaped flowers. It is drought-tolerant and grows well in warm climates. The flowers attract bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds. The plant produces pods containing yellow seeds with papery wings. The plant is desirable fodder when it grows in fields grazed by livestock.
The leaves and roots of the plant contain bioactive compounds, especially monoterpenes, which may have medicinal uses.
It readily colonizes disturbed, rocky, sandy, and cleared land and occasionally becomes an invasive weed.
It is the national flower of The Bahamas

References : Wikipedia

Here is a collection of the hybrids i grow.

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HOYA


Hoya is a genus of tropical climbing plants of the Apocynaceae family. There are 200-300 species native to southern Asia (from India to southern China and southwards), Australia and Polynesia. The common name for this genus is waxplant. This genus was named by botanist Robert Brown, in honour of his friend, botanist Thomas Hoy.

Hoyas are evergreen climbing vines or shrubs growing to 1-10 m (or more with a suitable support). They have simple opposite leaves 1-30 cm long that are typically succulent and in many species are flecked with irregular small silvery spots.

The flowers appear in axillary umbellate clusters at the apex of 2-3 cm peduncles, with repeated clusters of flowers developing sequentially on each penducle. The flowering penducles get 2-3 mm longer with each flowering and can eventually reach 7 cm or more long; the base of the penducle is smooth, with growth subsequent to the first flowering of the penducle is rough with numerous tiny bracts. Each flower is about 1 cm diameter, with five thick, waxy, triangular petals; colours range from white to purple, orange, red, pink or yellow. They are sweetly scented and produce abundant nectar.

Many species of hoya are popular houseplants in temperate areas (especially H. carnosa), grown for their attractive foliage and strongly scented flowers. Numerous cultivars have been selected for garden use. Hoyas grow well indoors, preferring bright but not direct sunlight, but will tolerate fairly low light levels at the expense of rapid growth and blooming. Hoyas commonly sold in nurseries as houseplants include cultivars of H. carnosa (Krimson Queen, Hindu Rope − compacta), H. pubicalyx (often mislabeled as carnosa), and H. kerrii.
Hoya leaves vary in size, texture, color and venation. In size, leaves range from as small as one centimetre in length and from two to four millimetres in width (Hoya engleriana) to as large as 25 cm. by 25 cm. (Hoya latifolia). Hoya coriacea Blumei, has been reported to have leaves as long as two feet in length. One of the most succulent, Hoya kerrii, has heart shaped leaves, with notches at the apexes of the leaves instead of at the bases. H. kerrii has two forms, one with glabrous leaves and one with suede textured leaves. There are hoyas with almost perfectly round leaves and others with linear leaves (Hoya linearis and Hoya teretifolia). One popular species, Hoya shepherdii has leaves that resemble string beans hanging in bunches from their stalks. Hoya linearis is covered with fine downy hair and greatly resembles masses of Tillandsia useneoides hanging from trees in its native habitat. Some Hoya leaves are smooth and shiny; some are covered with hairs. Some Hoya leaves appear to be veinless while others have very conspicuous veins of a lighter or darker colour than the rest of the leaves. Some have leaves that are mottled with speckles of silvery white (Hoya carnosa, Hoya pubicalyx). Some hoyas have leaves that are thin and translucent (Hoya coriacea Blumei); some are so thick and succulent that they look more like crassulas than hoyas (Hoya australis rupicola, oramicola and saniae from Australia and Hoya pachyclada from Thailand).

Hoya flowers are just as varied as the leaves, despite the fact that all are shaped like five pointed stars. They grow in umbels, usually with many flowers per umbel. Individual flowers range in size from as small as four to five millimetres in diameter (Hoya bilobata) to well over three inches in diameter (Hoya imperialis and H. macgillivrayi). The number of flowers per umbel varies from one (H. pauciflora) to 55 or even more. Hoya coriacea Blumei has been known to have as many as 70, each measuring nearly 2 cm in diameter. The single flowered Hoya pauciflora makes up for its paucity by its flower size of nearly an inch and a half in diameter.

Hoya flowers vary in textures as well as size, some being glabrous and shiny and some being quite hairy. They also vary in color. They come in white, varying shades of pink from almost white to bubble-gum pink, yellowish-pink, yellow, green, purple, brownish-red and brown.

References : Wikipedia

Here is a collection of the hybrids i grow.

Η χόγια αποτελεί ένα γένος τροπικών αναρριχώμενων φυτών της οικογένειας Apocynaceae. Το όνομα της οφείλεται στο βοτανολόγο Robert Brown, που της έδωσε το όνομα του φίλου του, βοτανολόγου Thomas Hoy.

Υπάρχουν περίπου 300 είδη ιθαγενή της ΝΑ Ασίας (από την Ινδία έως την Κίνα και από τη Μαλαισία έως τις Φιλιπίνες), της Αυστραλίας και των νησιών του Ειρηνικού. Στην Ελλάδα το μόνο σχετικά ευρέως καλλιεργούμενο είδος είναι γνωστό με το όνομα «κεράκι».

Οι χόγιες είναι αειθαλείς αναρριχώμενες πόες ή μικροί θάμνοι που το ύψος τους κυμαίνεται από μερικά εκατοστά έως πολλά μέτρα (σε ορισμένα καλλιεργούμενα είδη το μήκος μπορεί να ξεπεράσει τα 60 μέτρα).

Τα φύλλα τους είναι κατά κανόνα σαρκώδη (συνήθως λεία, αλλά σε ορισμένα είδη τριχωτά), έχουν στρογγυλό, καρδιόσχημο, ωοειδές ή επίμηκες σχήμα, εμφανίζονται πάντοτε σε ζεύγη, παρουσιάζουν συχνά ανοιχτόχρωμες, υπόλευκες ή ασημένιες κηλίδες στην επιφάνειά τους (σε ορισμένα είδη παρουσιάζονται ρόδινες, υποκίτρινες και λευκές ζώνες υπό τη μορφή ομόκεντρων κύκλων ή περιφερειακών δακτυλίων, ενώ σε άλλα είδη οι νευρώσεις είναι έντονες ή παρουσιάζουν έντονους χρωματισμούς). Το μήκος τους κυμαίνεται από 1 έως 50 εκατοστά, ενώ το πλάτος τους από 0,5 έως 30 εκατοστά, ανάλογα όμως πάντοτε με το είδος και τις συνθήκες καλλιέργειας.

Τα άνθη τους παρουσιάζονται στις άκρες κοντών μίσχων υπό τη μορφή ενός πυκνού κατά κανόνα σκιάδιου και ανανεώνονται σε τακτά χρονικά διαστήματα καθόλη τη διάρκεια ζωής του εκάστοτε μίσχου. Έχουν πάντοτε 5 σαρκώδη πέταλα, ο αριθμός, το χρώμα, το μέγεθος και η υφή τους όμως εξαρτάται από το είδος και τις συνθήκες καλλιέργειας. Στα περισσότερα είδη το σκιάδιο περιλαμβάνει από 20 έως 50 άνθη (σε κάποια είδη υπάρχει 1 μόνο άνθος, ενώ σε σπάνιες περιπτώσεις μπορεί να ξεπερνούν τα 70), ενώ το μέγεθος τους κυμαίνεται από μερικά χιλιοστά έως και 10 εκατοστά. Τα άνθη παρουσιάζουν μεγάλη ποικιλία σε χρώμα και άρωμα, ενώ τα περισσότερα είδη εκκρίνουν άφθονο, παχύρρευστο, γλυκό και κολλώδες νέκταρ που σε ορισμένες περιπτώσεις έχει και έντονο χρώμα.

Οι χόγιες αποτελούν εξαιρετικά φυτά εξωτερικού χώρου σε περιοχές με θερμό κλίμα και άφθονες καλοκαιρινές βροχοπτώσεις, αλλά προσαρμόζονται επίσης και σε εσωτερικούς χώρους σε περιοχές με ψυχρους χειμώνες. Απαιτούν έδαφος ελαφρύ, όξινο, καλά αεριζόμενο, με τέλεια αποστράγγιση, αναπτύσσονται καλύτερα σε μέρη ημισκιερά ή εκτεθειμένα στον πρωινό ήλιο, και ανθοφορούν καλύτερα και γρηγορότερα όταν οι ρίζες τους είναι περιορισμένες σε πολύ μικρές γλάστρες.


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JASMINUM

JASMINUM

Jasmine (from Persian yasmin, i.e. "gift from God" via Arabic) is a genus of shrubs and vines of the olive family (Oleaceae), with about 200 species, native to tropical and warm temperate regions of the Old World. The majority of species grow as climbers on other plants or on structures such as wire, gates or fences. The leaves can be either evergreen (green all year round) or deciduous (falling leaves in autumn), and are opposite in most species; leaf shape is simple, trifoliate or pinnate with up to nine leaflets.
Jasmine is widely cultivated for its flowers, enjoyed in the garden, as house plant, and as cut flower. The flowers are worn by women in their hair in southern and southeast Asia. Many species also yield an absolute, which is used in the production of perfumes and incense

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VARIOUS VINES

BOUGAINVILLEA

Bougainvillea is a genus of flowering plants native to South America. Different authors accept between 4 and 18 species in the genus. The name comes from Louis Antoine de Bougainville, an admiral in the French Navy who discovered the plant in Brazil in 1768.
They are thorny, woody, vines growing anywhere from 1-12 meters tall, scrambling over other plants with their hooked thorns. The thorns are tipped with a black, waxy substance. They are evergreen where rainfall occurs all year, or deciduous if there is a dry season. The leaves are alternate, simple ovate-acuminate, 4-13 cm long and 2-6 cm broad. The actual flower of the plant is small and generally white, but each cluster of three flowers is surrounded by three or six bracts with the bright colors associated with the plant, including pink, magenta, purple, red, orange, white, or yellow. Bougainvillea glabra is sometimes referred to as "paper flower" because the bracts are thin and papery. The fruit is a narrow five-lobed achene.
Bougainvillea are relatively pest-free plants, but may suffer from worms and aphids. The larvae of some Lepidoptera species also use them as food plants, for example the Giant Leopard Moth.
Bougainvilleas are popular ornamental plants in most areas with warm climates. Numerous cultivars and hybrids have been selected, including nearly thornless shrubs. Some Bougainvillea cultivars are sterile, and are propagated from cuttings.
Bougainvillea are rapid growing and flower all year in warm climates, especially when pinched or pruned. They grow best in moist fertile soil. Bloom cycles are typically four to six weeks. Bougainvillea grow best in very bright full sun and with frequent fertilization, but the plant requires little water to flower. As indoor houseplants in temperate regions, they can be kept small by bonsai techniques. If overwatered, Bougainvillea will not flower and may lose leaves or wilt, or even die from root decay.


LONICERA

Honeysuckles (Lonicera) are arching shrubs or twining vines in the family Caprifoliaceae, native to the Northern Hemisphere. There are about 180 species of honeysuckle, with by far the greatest diversity in China, where over 100 species occur; by comparison, Europe and North America have only about 20 native species each. Widely known species include Lonicera periclymenum (European Honeysuckle), Lonicera japonica (Japanese Honeysuckle, White Honeysuckle, or Chinese Honeysuckle) and Lonicera sempervirens (Coral Honeysuckle, Trumpet Honeysuckle). Hummingbirds are attracted to these plants.
Lonicera periclymenum
The leaves are opposite, simple oval, 1–10 cm long; most are deciduous but some are evergreen. Many of the species have sweetly-scented, bell-shaped flowers that produce a sweet, edible nectar. Breaking of the Honeysuckle's stem will release this powerful sweet odor. The fruit is a red, blue or black berry containing several seeds; in most species the berries are mildly poisonous, but a few (notably Lonicera caerulea) have edible berries. The plant is eaten by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species. Honeysuckles grow best in partial sun to partial shade.
Lonicera japonica and Lonicera maackii are considered invasive weeds in the United States.
Honeysuckle is also edible; removing the blossom, one may suck at the sweet nectar in the center.
Honeysuckle flowers can be used to flavor wine, syrup, sorbet, and other sweet dishes.


WISTERIA

Wisteria is a genus of about ten species of woody climbing vines native to the eastern United States and the East Asian states of China, Korea, and Japan.
Wisteria vines climb by twining their stems either clockwise or counter-clockwise round any available support. They can climb as high as 20 m above ground and spread out 10 m laterally. The world's largest known Wisteria vine is located in Sierra Madre, California, measuring more than an acre in size and weighing 250 tons.
The leaves are alternate, 15 to 35 cm long, pinnate, with 9 to 19 leaflets. The flowers are produced in pendulous racemes 10 to 80 cm long, similar to those of the genus Laburnum, but are purple, violet, pink or white, not yellow. Flowering is in the spring (just before or as the leaves open) in some Asian species, and in mid to late summer in the American species and W. japonica. The flowers of some species are fragrant, most notably Chinese Wisteria. The seeds are produced in pods similar to those of laburnum, and, like that genus, are poisonous.

The genus was named after Dr. Caspar Wistar (1761 - 1818), a professor of anatomy at the University of Pennsylvania. As a consequence, the name is sometimes given as "Wistaria", but the spelling Wisteria is conserved under the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature.
Wisteria species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including brown-tail. It is also an extremely popular ornament in China and Japan.
Wisteria, especially Wisteria sinensis, is very hardy and fast-growing. It is considered an invasive species in certain areas. It can grow in fairly poor-quality soils, but prefers fertile, moist, well-drained ones. It thrives in full sun to partial shade.
Wisteria can be propagated via hardwood cutting, softwood cuttings, or seed. However, seeded specimens can take decades to bloom; for that reason, gardeners usually grow plants that have been started from rooted cuttings or grafted cultivars known to flower well. Another reason for failure to bloom can be excessive fertilizer (particularly nitrogen). Wisteria has nitrogen fixing capability (provided by Rhizobia bacteria in root nodules), and thus mature plants may benefit from added potassium and phosphate, but not nitrogen. Finally, wisteria can be reluctant to bloom because it has not reached maturity. Maturation may require only a few years, as in Kentucky Wisteria, or nearly twenty, as in Chinese Wisteria. Maturation can be forced by physically abusing the main trunk, root pruning, or drought stress.
Wisteria can grow into a mound when unsupported, but is at its best when allowed to clamber up a tree, pergola, wall, or other supporting structure. Whatever the case, the support must be very sturdy, because old wisteria can grow into immensely strong and heavy wrist-thick trunks and stems. These will certainly rend latticework, crush thin wooden posts, and can even strangle large trees. Its pendulous racemes are best viewed from below.
Wisteria flowers develop in buds near the base of the previous year's growth, so pruning back side shoots to the basal few buds in early spring can enhance the visibility of the flowers. If it is desired to control the size of the plant, the side shoots can be shortened to between 20 and 40 cm long in mid summer, and back to 10 to 20 cm in the fall. The flowers of some varieties are edible, and can even be used to make wine. Others are said to be toxic.

References : Wikipedia

Here is a collection of the hybrids i grow.

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