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Home > THESSALONIKI 's ARCHITECTURAL HERIT… > SALONICA, "a city of ghosts" > Salonik, madre de Israel > JEWISH THESSALONIKI (Pt II)

JEWISH THESSALONIKI (Pt II)

Thessaloniki housed a major Jewish community of Sephardic origin till 1943. It 's the only known example of a city in the Jewish diaspora of this size that retained a Jewish majority for centuries.
The Jews' arrival for the most part followed the Alhambra Decree in 1492, by which the Jews of Spain were expelled from the country.
Thessaloniki's Jews were inextricably linked to its history and the influence of the community both culturally and economically was strongly felt. The community experienced a golden age in the 16th century and a progressive decline until the middle of 20th century.
After the outbreak of WWII the history of the Jews of Thessaloniki took a tragic course. The implementation of the Nazis' Final Solution in Greece resulted in the near-extermination of the entire community.
The most important structures owned, built for or built by Jews that still survive are:

ARRIGONI PIERRO (vide Arrigoni)
-Beni Fernandez Mansion aka Hirsch Mansion (ca 19 , Έπαυλη Φερνάντεζ- Χιρς, 144 Vassilissis Olgas street),
-Dino Fernandez Mansion (ca 1910, aka Villa Bianca - Βίλα Μπιάνκα, 180 Vassilissis Olgas street),
-Hirsch Hospital (ca 1902, aka Ipokratio Hospital - Νοσοκομείο Ιπποκράτειο, Nea Egnatia street),

FERNANDEZ ELI HASSID (vide Pleyber - Hassid Fernandez)
-Asher Israel Building (ca 1925, Ayias Sofias & Ermou str., in collaboration with J. Pleyber),
-Cohen Building (ca 1925, Venizelou & Vassileos Irakliou str.)
-Gategno - Florentin Building (ca 1924, Tsimiski & Venizelou & Ayiou Mina str., in collaboration with J. Pleyber),
-Hotel Excelsior (ca 1929, Komninon & Mitropoleos str., in collaboration with J. Pleyber),
-Hotel Tourist (ca 1923-9, Komninon & Mitropoleos str., in collaboration with J. Pleyber),
-Mallah Building (ca 1924, Ermou & Venizelou str., in collaboration with J. Pleyber),
-Nahmia Building (ca 1925, Tsimiski str., in collaboration with J. Pleyber),

GENNARI L. (vide Gennari L.)
-Arditti - Benroubi Building (ca 1925, Dragoumi & Solomou str. up),
-Cine Dionysia (ca 1925, Ayias Sofias str., demolished in 1965),
-Haim Cohen Building ( ca 1927, Paikou & Singrou & Valaoritou str., reconstruction of the Ismael Pasha Hani, inscription)

MANOUSSOS G. (vide Manoussos)
-Berakha - Revah Building (ca 1925, Egnatia str.),
-Errera Building (ca 1925, Katouni str.),
-Filipou str. Residence (ca 1930, 43 Filipou str.),
-Juliette Moshon Residence (ca 1928, 22 Paleon Patron Yermanou str.),
-Hasson - Nahmias Residence (ca 1928, 56 Olimbou str.),
-Hotel Atlantis (ca 1925, Egnatia str.),
-Makedonikon Cinema (ca 1930, 6 Margariti str.),

MODIANO ELI (vide Modiano)
-Alessandro Manzoni School (ca 1933, currently property of the National Bank of Greece, Dimokratias Square),
-Cite Saoul (Saoul Arcade - Στοά Σαούλ, [originally built by Vitaliano Poselli (ca 1881)], partly destroyed by the 1917 Fire and partly reconstructed in 1929 by Eli Modiano),
-Customs House (ca.1910, Telonio - Τελωνείο, Kundurioti & Salaminos str., currently housing the Port's Passengers Terminal),
-Harbour Warehouses (ca.1910, Αποθήκες Τελωνείου, currently housing among others the Photography Museum and the Cinematography Museum),
-Hotel Luxembourg (ca. 1924, Ξενοδοχείο Λουξεμβούργο, Kalapothaki & komninon str),
-Ionian & Popular Bank Building (ca 1925, Ionos Dragoumi & Ayiou Mina str.),
-"Levi" Building (ca 1924, 26 Venizelou & Vassileos Irakliou str.),
-Mandalidis Mansion (ca 1931, currently property of the Aristotelio University, Nikis Avenue),
-Modiano Mansion (ca. 1906, Βίλα Μοδιάνο - Λαογραφικό Μουσείο, currently housing the Folk Art & Ethnology Museum, 68 Vassilissis Olgas street),
-Modiano Market (ca.1922 in colaboration with Olifent, Αγορά Μοδιάνο, Ermou & Vassileos Irakliou str., currently housing various groceries shops, bars, taverns etc)

MOSHE JACQUES (vide Moshe)
-Alvo Building (ca 1925, Ionos Dragoumi str.),
-Boton Leon Building (ca 1925, Mitropoleos str.),
-Benroubi Building (ca 1924, Valaoritou & Kapodistriou str.),
-Couenca - Saoul Building (ca 1925, D ragoumi & Kapodistriou str.),
-Gattegno School (ca 1928, Delfon 62 & Miaouli str., currently a primary school),
-Hananel Naar (ca 1925, 4 Ayiou Mina str.),
-Hotel Continental (ca 1920/1929, currently Hotel Andromeda, Kalapothaki & Komninon str.),
-Logis Veritas Free Mason Arcade (ca 1926, Katholikon 3 & Vilara str., property of Bensussam, Benusio & Molho),
-Matanoth Laevionim Building (ca 1930, currently houses the Jewish Primary School, Fleming str.)
-Menahem - Navarro Building (ca 1925, Vas. Irakliou str.)
-Navarro Building (ca 1924, Vas. Irakliou str.)
-Olympion Residence (ca 1949, Aristotelous & Mitropoleos str.),
-Olympos-Naoussa Building (ca 1925, 5 Nikis Avenue),
-Ouziel - Cohen Building (ca 1925, Egnatia & Venizelou str.)
-Ouziel Complex (ca 1927, Papandreou str.)

PEONIDIS XENOFONDAS (vide Peonidis)
-Pelossof & Amarillo & Pardo Arcade (ca 1924, aka the Old Post Office - Παλιό Ταχυδρομείο, 22 Tsimiski street, next to Hirsch Arcade),
-Jeborga (Salem) Mansion (ca 1878, aka Former Italian Consulate - Πρώην Ιταλικό Προξενείο, 20 Vassilissis Olgas street),
-Seifulah Pasha Mansion (ca 19 , aka Mordoh Mansion - Βίλα Μορδόχ, Municipal Gallery - Δημοτική Πινακοθήκη, 25 Martiou & 162 Vassilissis Olgas str.)

PEONIDIS FILIMONAS
-Kazes Building (ca 1924, Κτήριο Καζές, Ayiou Mina & Ionos Dragoumi & Tsimiski street),

POSELLI SALVATORE
-Alvaro Yeni (ca 1924, Vas. Irakliou str.) blue
-Samuel Saltiel (ca 1924, Dragoumi & Solomou str. byz.)

POSELLI VITALIANO (vide Poselli)
-Allatini Mills (ca 1896-1900, Mύλοι Αλλατίνι, Papandreou & Sofouli str.)
-Allatini Mansion (ca 1888, Villa Allatini - Βίλα Αλλατίνι, 198 Vassilissis Olgas & Ploutonos & Papandreou str.),
-Allatini Mansion in the French Quarter (ca 1874, Singrou & Valaoritou & Vilara str., reconstructed by Roubens in the 20s),
-Banque d' Athenes (ca1904, aka Museum of the Jewish presence in Thessaloniki - Μουσείο Εβραικής παρουσίας, 13 Ayiou Mina str.),
-Banque de Salonique (ca 1904, aka Stoa Malakopi - Στοά Μαλακοπή, est. 1888, Singrou & Vilara str.),
-Cite Saoul (ca 1881, Saoul Arcade - Στοά Σαούλ, Vassileos Irakliou str.),
-Morpurgo Mansion (ca 1906, aka Villa Zardinidi - Bίλα Ζαρντινίδη,16 Heronias str.)

ROUBENS MAXIMILIANOS (vide Max. Roubens)
-Aron Mois Building (ca 1931, 9 Aristotelous str.),
-Allatini Mansion in the French Quarter (originally built by Vitaliano Poselli (ca 1874), but reconstructed by Roubens in 1929),
-Hotel Grande Bretagne (ca. 1925, Egnatia str., currently housing University faculties),
-Hotel ilisia (ca.1924, Egnatia str.),
-Hotel Kastoria (ca. 1925, Egnatia str.),
-Mallah & Sevi Building (ca 1928, Leondos Sofou & Valaoritou str.),
-Matarasso & Alcheh Building (ca 1926, Katouni str.)
-Shalom Mansion (ca. 1880, Miaouli & Vasilissis Olgas str.)
-A10 (ca 1925, 10 Aminda str. ),

ZAHARIADIS - KOKOROPOULOS
(vide ZAHARIADIS - KOKOROPOULOS )
-Benveniste - Simha Building (ca 1925, Tsimiski & Ionos Dragoumi str.),
-Bourla- Levi Arcade (ca 1925, Rogoti & Venizelou str.),
-Hotel Modern (ca 1924, currently Kinissi Palace, Egnatia str., for Sciacchi Bros)

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